Shropshire History

Shropshire

19th Century Roads

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The introduction of Turnpikes vastly improved the state of some roads in the 18th Century but many were still in an abysmal state. A spell of wet weather turned the surface into a quagmire and this was churned up even more by horses’ hooves and wagon wheels. Stage coach companies found that they had to use extra horses on some sections just to pull them through the mud.

 

Two engineers put forward ideas to improve matters. In 1815, Thomas Telford invented a method of road building where paving slabs were laid on the ground where the road was going. The longest edge was arranged crossways to the traffic direction and the slabs were laid in staggered rows like brickwork. Broken stone was wedged into the spaces between the slabs and on top of this was laid a 6 inch layer of stones no bigger than 2½ inches in diameter.  On top of this was placed a further layer of gravel and broken stone, cambered to allow water to flow into ditches on either side. Telford raised the pavement structure above ground level whenever possible. Where the structure could not be raised, Telford drained the area surrounding the roadside.

 

 

Around 1820, John McAdam found that rock foundations were unnecessary, as natural ground would support the road traffic as long as it was covered by a road crust that would protect the soil underneath from water and wear. McAdam laid his roads as level as possible and his 30ft wide road required only a rise of 3 inches from the edges to the centre. Cambering and elevation of the road above the water table enabled rain water to run off into ditches on either side.  The lower 7 inches of road covering was restricted to stones no larger than 3 inches in diameter, while the upper 2 inches was limited to ¾ inch diameter. A useful rule of thumb for the workmen was that the upper stones should fit into their mouths.

 

The first road in Shropshire to use Telford’s method was the Holyhead Road, now the A5. Other main roads were treated in the same way but minor roads were often not treated until the early 20th Century.

 

The Gazetteer aside lists the major roads passing through Shropshire on which stage coaches ran. In theory, there should be a milestone every mile but many have been lost or stolen over the years and only the ones shown still remain. In some cases, the original route through towns has been diverted onto a bypass road and this is shown where applicable. Also shown in bold are coaching inns that offered a service of fresh horses and refreshments for passengers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gazetteer of Roads

 

A5

Stretton Wharf

SJ873107

Staffordshire Border (from London)

Ivetsey Bank

SJ834107

Bradford Arms

Burlington

SJ784109

Milestone

Crackleybank

SJ762109

Hare & Hounds

Redhill

SJ735109

Milestone

Limekiln Bank

SJ716109

Old A5 now follows Church Street

St George's

SJ706109

Old A5 now follows West Street

Oakengates

SJ702110

Old A5 now follows Station Hill

Oakengates

SJ698110

Old A5 now follows Market Street

Oakengates

SJ695109

Old A5 now follows Bridge Street

Oakengates

SJ694109

Old A5 now follows Hartshill

Oakengates

SJ688109

Old A5 now follows Beverley Road

Ketley

SJ682110

Old A5 now follows B5061

Arleston

SJ665111

Milestone on old A5 (B5061)

Wellington

SJ659110

Cock Hotel

Wellington

SJ648108

Milestone on old A5 (B5061)

Haygate

SJ639107

Falcon Inn (now Old Oreton Inn)

Haygate

SJ633107

Milestone on old A5 (B5061)

Overley

SJ617107

Milestone on old A5 (B5061)

Bluebell

SJ602105

Milestone on old A5 (B5061)

Uckington

SJ577094

Horseshoes Inn

Norton

SJ556093

Old A5 now follows B4380

Atcham

SJ541093

Mytton & Mermaid Hotel

Atcham

SJ540093

Milestone on old A5 (B4380)

Emstrey Bank

SJ528103

Milestone on old A5 (B4380)

Emstrey

SJ521107

Old A5 now follows A5064

Shrewsbury

SJ506120

Old A5 now follows Abbey Foregate

Shrewsbury

SJ504122

Milestone on old A5 (Abbey Foregate)

Shrewsbury

SJ496124

English Bridge

Shrewsbury

SJ493123

Lion Hotel

Shrewsbury

SJ489128

Welsh Bridge

Shrewsbury

SJ487129

Old A5 now follows A458

Shrewsbury

SJ466133

Old A5 now follows B4380

Udlington

SJ456142

Milestone on old A5 (B4380)

Bicton

SJ442147

Milestone on old A5 (B4380)

Montford

SJ429156

Milestone on old A5 (B4380)

Montford Grange

SJ425157

Joins A5

Ensdon

SJ416166

Milestone

Felton Butler

SJ405177

Milestone

Felton Butler

SJ399179

Old A5 now follows unclassified road

Great Ness

SJ392186

Milestone on old A5 (Unclassified road)

Nesscliffe

SJ382194

Old Three Pigeons

Nesscliffe

SJ381197

Milestone on old A5 (Unclassified road)

Wolfshead

SJ371209

Milestone on old A5 (Unclassified road)

Wolfshead

SJ369211

Joins A5

Knockinheath

SJ363223

Milestone

Long Oak

SJ353235

Milestone

Weirbrook

SJ349246

Old A5 now follows unclassified road

West Felton

SJ349250

Milestone on old A5 (Unclassified road)

Queen's Head

SJ342264

Milestone on old A5 (Unclassified road)

Queen's Head

SJ339268

Queen's Head

Queen’s Head

SJ338269

Joins A5

Aston Park

SJ330274

Milestone

Aston Park

SJ325278

Old A5 now follows unclassified road

Hisland

SJ316279

Milestone on old A5 (unclassified road)

Oswestry

SJ307286

Old A5 now follows B4579

Oswestry

SJ290295

Wynnstay Arms

Oswestry

SJ291296

Old A5 now follows B5069

Oswestry

SJ300310

Milestone on old A5 (B5069)

Pentre-clawdd

SJ301322

Old A5 (B5069) crosses new A5

Twmpath

SJ302326

Milestone on old A5 (B5069)

Bryn-y-Castell

SJ301341

Milestone on old A5 (B5069)

Gobowen

SJ301343

Old A5 now follows unclassified road

Henlle Park

SJ300353

Joins A5

Moreton Bridge

SJ 300357

Milestone

Rhosweil

SJ299363

Old A5 now follows B5070

Chirk Bank

SJ296371

Milestone on old A5 (B5070)

Chirk Bridge

SJ290372

Flintshire Border (to Holyhead)

A41

Wergs

SJ869010

Staffordshire Border (from Wolverhampton)

Kingswood Common

SJ833031

Milestone

Albrighton

SJ825036

Old A41 now follows unclassified road

Albrighton

SJ804053

Joins A41

Tong Norton

SJ792081

Bell

Burlington

SJ787105

Milestone

Bloomsbury

SJ776140

Milestone

Woodcote

SJ772155

Milestone

Pave Lane

SJ763165

Old A41 now follows unclassified road

Pave Lane

SJ760166

Milestone

Newport

SJ751181

Old A41 now follows Station Road

Newport

SJ747186

Old A41 now follows Upper Bar

Newport

SJ746191

Old A41 now follows Lower Bar

Newport

SJ744193

Milestone

Newport

SJ743194

Old A41 now follows Forton Road

Newport

SJ744195

King's Head

Newport

SJ744196

Old A41 now follows Chetwynd Road

Newport

SJ743202

Old A41 now follows Chester Road

Chetwynd Park

SJ742208

Milestone

Chetwynd Park

SJ739213

Joins A41

Chetwynd Heath

SJ716225

Milestone

Standford Bridge

SJ704239

Milestone

Higher Heath

SJ684277

Milestone

Crickmery

SJ674289

Milestone

Stoke Heath

SJ650310

Milestone

Ternhill

SJ637321

Milestone

Ternhill

SJ636322

Ternhill Inn

Bletchley

SJ625333

Milestone

Bletchley

SJ622337

Castle Inn

Ashford Grange

SJ598338

Milestone

Sandford

SJ583340

Milestone

Upper College

SJ571350

Milestone

Prees Heath

SJ557383

Raven Hotel

Whitchurch

SJ551396

Old A41 now follows B5395

Whitchurch

SJ545410

Old A41 now follows Dodington

Whitchurch

SJ542414

Old A41 now follows Watergate

Whitchurch

SJ542414

Swan Inn

Whitchurch

SJ542415

Old A41 now follows High Street

Whitchurch

SJ541416

Red Lion

Whitchurch

SJ541417

Old A41 now follows Bargates

Whitchurch

SJ539419

Old A41 now follows B5395

Brooklands

SJ528426

Joins A41

Grindley Brook

SJ521433

Cheshire Border (to Chester)

A49

Brimfield

SO523682

Herefordshire Border (from Leominster)

Wooferton

SO518690

Milestone

Ashford Bowdler

SO516700

Milestone

Overton

SO515715

Milestone

Overton

SO515714

Old A49 now follows B4361

Hucksbarn

SO510730

Milestone

Ludlow

SO517750

Unicorn Inn

Ludlow

SO511746

Angel Inn

Ludlow

SO512747

Bull Hotel

Ludlow

SO513748

Feathers Inn

Ludlow

SO505760

Milestone

Ludlow

SO504761

Joins A49

Bromfield

SO493770

Milestone

Bromfield

SO478770

Milestone

Bromfield

SO465778

Milestone

Onibury

SO454791

Milestone

Onibury

SO447801

Milestone

Stokesay

SO440815

Milestone

Craven Arms

SO435826

Stokesay Inn

Craven Arms

SO433827

Milestone

Cheney Longville

SO432845

Milestone

Strefford

SO441858

Milestone

Felhampton

SO445873

Milestone

Acton Scott

SO447889

Milestone

Marshbrook

SO442901

Milestone

Little Stretton

SO443912

Old A49 now follows B5477

Little Stretton

SO443917

Talbot Inn

Church Stretton

SO446932

Milestone

Church Stretton

SO453936

Milestone

Church Stretton

SO453937

Buck's Head

All Stretton

SO458951

Milestone

All Stretton

SO466965

Milestone

Heath House

SO471967

Joins A49

Leebotwood

SO477992

Milestone

Dorrington

SJ480020

Milestone

Dorrington

SJ479029

Horseshoes Inn

Dorrington

SJ475035

Milestone

Bayston Hill

SJ488096

Old A49 follows A5112

Meole Brace

SJ491106

Old A49 follows A5191

Belle Vue

SJ492111

Milestone

Shrewsbury

SJ494123

Unicorn Inn

Shrewsbury

SJ493123

Lion Hotel

Shrewsbury

SJ493127

Raven Hotel

Ditherington

SJ504146

Old A49 follows A5112

Harlescott

SJ514163

Old Red Lion

Battlefield

SJ516168

Joins A49

Hadnall

SJ523201

Saracen's Head

Hadnall

SJ527217

Milestone

Grinshill

SJ530233

Milestone

Lee Brockhurst

SJ542261

Milestone

Lee Brockhurst

SJ554271

Milestone

Weston

SJ561301

Milestone

Prees

SJ555330

Milestone

Prees Heath

SJ556361

Milestone

Prees Heath

SJ557383

Raven Hotel

Prees Heath

SJ558379

Old A49 follows A41

Whitchurch

SJ551396

Old A49 now follows B5395

Whitchurch

SJ545410

Old A49 now follows Dodington

Whitchurch

SJ542414

Old A49 now follows Watergate

Whitchurch

SJ542414

Swan Inn

Whitchurch

SJ542415

Old A49 now follows High Street

Whitchurch

SJ541416

Red Lion

Whitchurch

SJ541417

Old A49 now follows Bargates

Whitchurch

SJ539419

Old A49 now follows B5476

Whitchurch

SJ537431

Joins A49

Wirswall

SJ535443

Staffordshire Border (to Warrington)

A51

Flash Farm

SJ725435

Cheshire Border (from Nantwich)

Woore

SJ730424

Swan Hotel

Pipe Gate

SJ743404

Staffordshire Border (to Stone)

A53

Battlefield

SJ516167

Start of Road (A49 Junction)

Bings Heath

SJ542187

Milestone

Shawbury

SJ545195

Old A53 now follows unclassified road

Shawbury

SJ551200

Milestone

Shawbury

SJ554210

Joins A53

Shawbury

SJ561213

Milestone

Butlersbank

SJ582231

Milestone

Lodgebank

SJ597259

Milestone

Hopton

SJ608272

Old A53 now follows unclassified road

Hodnet

SJ614287

Bear inn

Wofferton

SJ620297

Milestone

Lostford

SJ625311

Milestone

Ternhill

SJ630316

Joins A53

Longford

SJ649332

Milestone

Longford

SJ651334

Old A53 now follows Shrewsbury Road

Market Drayton

SJ675339

Corbet Arms

Market Drayton

SJ676342

Old A53 now follows Stafford Street

Market Drayton

SJ677343

Milestone

Market Drayton

SJ682345

Old A53 now follows Newcastle Road

Market Drayton

SJ688348

Joins A53

Market Drayton

SJ691348

Staffordshire Border (to Stoke)

A442

Romsley

SO779823

Worcestershire Border (from Kiddderminster)

Fenn Green

SO772833

Milestone

Alveley

SO767851

Squirrel Inn

Dudmaston

SO749891

Milestone

Quatford

SO738903

Milestone

Quatford

SO736915

Coach House

Danesford

SO732916

Milestone

Bridgnorth

SO721930

Falcon Inn

Fort Pendlestone

SO725947

Milestone

Allscott

SO734960

Milestone

Oldington

SO734975

Milestone

Leavenhalls

SO731990

Milestone

Stockton

SO730998

Milestone

Norton

SJ729003

Hundred House Hotel

Norton

SJ727006

Milestone

Tweedale

SJ705054

Original route destroyed by new town

Shawbirch

SJ646135

Joins A442

Crudgington

SJ630180

Milestone

Long Lane

SJ636155

Buck's Head

Hodnetheath

SJ617275

End of Road (A53 Junction)

A454

Shipley

SO819958

Staffordshire Border (from Wolverhampton)

Wyken

SO764952

Milestone

Bridgnorth

SO730936

Old A454 now follows B4363

Bridgnorth

SO716933

Golden Lion

Bridgnorth

SO715932

Bear Inn

Bridgnorth

SO715932

End of Road (Bear Inn)

A456

Monk's Bridge

SO617685

Herefordshire Border (from Kidderminster)

Boraston

SO613689

Peacock Inn

Burford

SO594688

Milestone

Burford

SO581684

Milestone

Wooferton

SO520684

End of Road (A49 Junction)

A458

Six Ashes

SO791885

Staffordshire Border (from Stourbridge)

Wooton

SO780892

Milestone

Bridgnorth

SO729923

Milestone

Bridgnorth

SO721923

Old A458 now follows A442

Bridgnorth

SO721930

Old A458 now follows B4363

Bridgnorth

SO717926

Old A458 now follows B4373

Bridgnorth

SO715932

Bear Inn

Bridgnorth

SO716933

Golden Lion

Bridgnorth

SO713931

Old A458 now follows B4364

Bridgnorth

SO709932

Milestone

Bridgnorth

SO698934

Joins A458

Much Wenlock

SO624994

Old A458 now follows Racecourse Lane

Much Wenlock

SO624998

Old A458 now follows St Mary's Road

Much Wenlock

SO624998

Raven Hotel

Much Wenlock

SO625999

Old A458 now follows Barrow Street

Much Wenlock

SO624999

Old A458 now follows High Street

Much Wenlock

SO621998

Joins A458

Much Wenlock

SO621998

Gaskell Arms Hotel

Harley

SJ597020

Milestone

Harley

SJ596015

Milestone

Harley

SJ596014

Milestone

Cressage

SJ584045

Milestone

Coundlane

SJ570050

Riverside Inn

Venusbank

SJ554060

Milestone

Cross Houses

SJ530081

Milestone

Shrewsbury

SJ507120

Milestone

Shrewsbury

SJ506120

Milestone

Shrewsbury

SJ506120

Old A458 now follows Abbey Foregate

Shrewsbury

SJ497124

Old A458 now follows A5191

Shrewsbury

SJ491124

Talbot Hotel

Shrewsbury

SJ489127

Old A458 now follows A488

Shrewsbury

SJ487129

Joins A458

Shrewsbury

SJ486130

Buck's Head

Frankwell

SJ483130

Milestone

Shelton

SJ468132

Milestone

Ford

SJ416132

Milestone

Halfway House

SJ343116

Milestone

Halfway House

SJ339115

Halfway House Inn

Middletown

SJ310127

Powys Border (to Welshpool)

A464

Kingswood Common

SJ831023

Staffordshire Border (from Wolverhampton)

Boningale

SJ818027

Horns of Boningale

Shifnal

SJ749075

Jerningham Arms

Shifnal

SJ749075

Unicorn Inn

Shifnal

SJ745075

Star Hotel

Limekiln Bank

SJ717108

End of Road (A5 Junction)

A483

Llanymynech

SJ267205

Powys Border (from Welshpool)

Llanymynech

SJ267209

Bradford Arms

Nant y Caws

SJ290265

Old A483 now follows B5069

Morda

SJ288277

Milestone

Oswestry

SJ290295

Wynnstay Arms

Oswestry

SJ290295

End of Road (Wynnstay Arms)

A488

Knighton

SO291724

Powys Border (from Llandrindod Wells)

Five Turnings

SO286754

Milestone

Rockhill

SO290782

Milestone

Churchbank

SO292796

Milestone

Clun

SO301809

White Horse Inn

Bicton

SO297824

Milestone

Argoed

SO300838

Milestone

Acton

SO311849

Milestone

Colebatch

SO315865

Milestone

Bishop's Castle

SO323878

Milestone

Bishop's Castle

SO326883

Old A488 now follows B4385

Bishop's Castle

SO324890

Castle Hotel

Bishop's Castle

SO324890

Three Tuns

Bishop's Castle

SO330892

Joins A488

Lydham

SO334899

Milestone

Lydham

SO335914

Milestone

White Grit

SO325969

Milestone

White Grit

SO321982

More Arms

White Grit

SO321985

Milestone

Hope

SJ340010

Milestone

Wagbeach

SJ363023

Milestone

Minsterley

SJ381053

Milestone

Pontesbury

SJ394061

Milestone

Halston

SJ416076

Milestone

Hanwood

SJ440094

Milestone

Upper Edgebold

SJ465111

Milestone

Porthill

SJ477121

Milestone

Shrewsbury

SJ489128

End of Road (Welsh Bridge)

A489

Pentreheyling

SO231930

Powys Border (from Newtown)

Pentreheyling

SO245930

Milestone

Churchstoke

SO272943

Horse & Jockey

Snead

SO321919

Milestone

Lydham

SO335914

Milestone

Lydham Heath

SO345904

Milestone

Lea

SO358899

Milestone

Eaton

SO374895

Milestone

Choulton

SO381882

Milestone

Plowden

SO393875

Milestone

Lower Carwood

SO415860

Milestone

Wistanstow

SO429852

Milestone

Wistanstow

SO433848

End of Road (A49 Junction)

A490

Shiregrove Bridge

SO249998

Powys Border (from Welshpool)

Chirbury

SO261985

Herbert Arms

Churchstoke

SO272943

Horse & Jockey

Churchstoke

SO272941

End of Road (A489 Junction)

A495

Oswestry

SJ291297

Start of Road (Church Street)

Welsh Frankton

SJ346323

Milestone

Welsh Frankton

SJ360331

Milestone

Ellesmere

SJ390343

Milestone

Ellesmere

SJ399348

Black Lion

Ellesmere

SJ400348

Bridgwater Arms Hotel

Ellesmere

SJ402349

Red Lion

Welshampton

SJ430347

Milestone

Redbrook

SJ509412

End of Road (A525 Junction)

A4117

Ludlow

SO523756

Start of Road (A49 Junction)

Hopton Wafers

SO637762

Crown Inn

Cleobury Mortimer

SO672757

Talbot Hotel

Cleobury Mortimer

SO709908

Halfway House Inn

Lem Hill

SO722750

Worcestershire Border (to Kidderminster)

 

 

 

 

 

A4169

 

 

 

Much Wenlock

SO621998

Start of Road (A458 Junction)

 

Buildwas

SJ645044

Old A4169 now follows Buildwas Road

 

Coalbrookdale

SJ660039

Meadow Inn

 

Coalbrookdale

SJ667037

Old A4169 now follows The Wharfage

 

Ironbridge

SJ672034

Old A4169 now follows High Street

 

Ironbridge

SJ674034

Old A4169 now follows B4373

 

Ironbridge

SJ679035

Golden Ball

 

Madeley

SJ692047

Old A4169 now follows Parkway

 

Madeley

SJ701045

Old A4169 now follows Kemberton Road

 

Halesfield

SJ708047

Old A4169 now follows Halesfield 16

 

Halesfield

SJ714048

Old A4169 now follows Halesfield 7

 

Halesfield

SJ722049

Joins A4169

 

Shifnal

SJ749077

End of Road (A464 Junction)

A518

Trench

SJ683127

Start of Road (A442 Junction)

Church Aston

SJ738175

Milestone

Church Aston

SJ737171

Old A518 now follows Wellington Road

Newport

SJ747189

Shakespeare Inn

Newport

SJ747188

Old A518 now follows Upper Bar

Newport

SJ746191

Old A518 now follows Stafford Road

Newport

SJ757193

Joins A518

Aqualate Park

SJ763192

Staffordshire Border (to Stafford)

A525

Redbrook

SJ509412

Flintshire Border (from Wrexham)

Whitchurch

SJ526413

Old A525 now follows B5398

Whitchurch

SJ543415

Wheatsheaf

Whitchurch

SJ558412

Joins A525

Woodhouses

SJ595426

Staffordshire Border (to Stoke)

A528

Knolton

SJ380387

Flintshire Border (from Wrexham)

Seven Sisters

SJ394362

Milestone

Ellesmere

SJ402349

Red Lion

Cockshutt

SJ440281

Milestone

Burlton

SJ457262

Burlton Inn

Preston Gubbals

SJ496191

Milestone

Broadoak

SJ498175

Milestone

Shrewsbury

SJ493146

Milestone

Shrewsbury

SJ494131

End of Road (Coton Hill)

A529

Cox Bank

SJ652419

Cheshire Boundary (from Nantwich)

Market Drayton

SJ675339

Corbet Arms

Woodseaves

SJ688307

Milestone

Woodseaves

SJ688303

Milestone

Woodseaves

SJ683318

Four Alls

Hinstock

SJ693271

Falcon Inn

Hinstock

SJ694264

Milestone

Hinstock

SJ694260

End of Road (A41 Junction)

 

 

 

 

 

B4364

 

 

 

Henley

SO534763

Start of Road (A4117 Junction)

 

Burwarton

SO618851

Boyne Arms

 

Bridgnorth

SO715932

Bear Inn

 

Bridgnorth

SO715932

End of Road (Whitburn Street)

 

 

 

 

B4368

Craven Arms

SO433828

Start of Road (A49 Junction)

Aston Munslow

SO512866

Swan Inn

Morville

SO669941

End of Road (A458 Junction)

 

B4380

 

 

 

Wroxeter

SJ556093

Start of Road (A5 Junction)

 

Leighton

SJ612055

Kynnersley Arms

 

Buildwas

SJ645045

End of Road (A4169 Junction)

 

 

 

 

 

B4385

 

 

 

Bishop’s Castle

SO325890

Start of Road (A488 Junction)

 

Aston

SO299913

Powys Border (to Newtown)

 

 

 

 

 

B5009

 

 

 

Gobowen

SJ300343

Start of Road (A5 Junction)

 

Whittington

SJ327311

Ye Olde Boote Inn

 

Queen’s Head

SJ340267

Queen’s Head

 

Queen’s Head

SJ339267

End of Road (A5 Junction)

 

 

 

 

B5476

Harmer Hill

SJ490220

Start of Road (A528 Junction)

Wem

SJ513289

White Horse

Wem

SJ514289

Castle Hotel

Wem

SJ514289

White Lion

Whitchurch

SJ546407

End of Road (B5395 Junction)