Shropshire History

Shropshire Marshes

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Image result for marshland

 

A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous plants such as grass, rushes or reeds rather than woody plants. They can often be found at the edge of meres and streams and if woody plants are present at all they tend to be low-growing shrubs.  Marshes form where water is very close to, or above, ground level for part or most of the year. This results in a waterlogged environment that stays soggy even if there are no visible pools of standing water.

 

Marshes are important for improving water quality, as they act as a sink to filter pollutants and sediment from the water that flows through them. They are also able to absorb water during periods of heavy rainfall and slowly release it into waterways, thereby reducing the risk of flooding. Marshes tends to be neutral to alkaline, as opposed to bogs, where peat accumulates under more acid conditions.

 

Marshes provide a rich habitat for many species of plants and animals that have adapted to living in flooded conditions. The plants must be able to survive in wet mud with low oxygen levels and many of these have channels within the stem that allow air to move from the leaves into the roots. Marsh plants also tend to have rhizomes for underground storage and reproduction. Examples of plants and animals that may be found in marshes are :-

 

Plants

Butterwort

Cotton Grass

Marah Orchid

Sedge

Stinging Nettle

Sundew

 

Mammals

Bank Vole

Brown Rat

 

Reptiles

Adder

Grass Snake

 

Amphibians

Common Frog

Common Toad

Marsh Fog

Newt

 

Birds

Barn Owl

Bearded Tit

Common Moorhen

Common Ringed Plover

Coot

Crow

Lapwing

Mallard

Marsh Harrier

Marsh Warbler

Pheasant

Raven

Reed Warbler

Sedge Warbler

Skylark

Wren

 

Invertebrates

Bumblebee

Butterflies

Dragonflies

Midge

Raft Spiders

 

 

Gazetteer of Marshes

 

  

Abdon Marsh

Abdon

SO583866

Bagley Marsh

Bagley

SJ394279

Blodwel Marsh

Porth-y-Waen

SJ264234

Edgmond Marsh

Edgmond

SJ721206

Maesbury Marsh

Maesbury

SJ318248

Muxton Marsh

Muxton

SJ716134

Pat Marsh

Stableford

SO745983

Pen Marsh Lane

Walton

SJ591193

Sweeney Fen

Whitehaven

SJ275250

The Bog

Stableford

SO753976

The Marsh

Rodington

SJ605148

The Marsh

Much Wenlock

SO644995

The Marsh

Hinstock

SJ698258

The Marsh

White Grit

SO311979

Trefonen Marsh

Trefonen

SJ245265

Wilcott Marsh

Wilcott

SJ386179