Shropshire History  

Bronze Age

Shropshire

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The period of history from 2,000 BC to 800 BC is usually referred to as the Bronze Age. This is because the primary material for tools and weapons was an amalgam of copper and tin metals called bronze. It could be produced in primitive smelters and cast in moulds.

 

Remains of Bronze Age settlements are not common in Britain and none have been recorded in Shropshire so far.  It is believed that many tribes led a nomadic lifestyle based on cattle and agriculture so did not build to last. There is evidence of tree clearing at this time to make space for crops and communities were often based near rivers for transport.

Tumuli (burial mounds) were built during this time on areas of high ground.  As well as providing a place to inter the cremated remains of their dead, the tumuli may also be where a tribe gathered at certain times of the year for religious purposes.  The stone circles at Mitchells Fold, Hoarstones and Whetstones (now destroyed) date from this time.

The old copper mine at Llanymynech Ogof was worked in the Bronze Age using antler picks and stone hammers. Bronze smelting required the ores of this copper and tin (from Cornwall) so well-defined trading routes would have existed to these places.  A kiln would be built and fired with wood to reach a temperature in excess of 1,000oC. When melted, the bronze would be poured into moulds made of stone or clay and allowed to cool.

 

 

Bronze Age Settlement in Shropshire

 

Discovering Shropshire’s History

 

Espley Cremation Cemetery

 

Portable Antiquities Scheme

 

Sellatyn Hill Cairn

 

Shropshire’s Hill Forts

 

The Bronze Age

 

 

Gazetteer of Sites

 

Albrighton

SJ82960234 - flint chisel.

 

Anchor

SO16508450 - flat axe and small spearhead.

SO17308380 - looped axe.

SO17608600 - perforated axe hammer.

SO19408490 - barbed and tanged arrowhead.

SO19508470 - barbed and tanged arrowhead.

 

Aston

SJ32502750 - bronze spearhead and socketed axe.

 

Bache

SO47088204 - barbed and tanged flint arrowhead

 

Bagley

SJ39572728 - bronze shield.

SJ41302760 - barbed and tanged flint arrowhead.

 

Bayston Hill

SJ49300789 - barbed and tanged arrowhead of banded grey flint.

 

Bicton

SJ45761376 - axe.

 

Bishop’s Castle

SO33618739 - flint arrowhead.

SO35408990 - numerous bronze spearheads, a few broken swords and thousands of white stones.

 

Bitterley

SO56507650 - spearhead.

SO58127709 - large parallel faced axe hammer

 

Bouldon

SO55008500 - copper or bronze axe.

 

Brockton

SO32408530 - perforated axe hammer.

 

Bromfield

SO47507650 - spear head and perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Bucknell

SO35507350 - winged spearhead.

SO36507350 - worn, plain spearhead with broken socket.

 

Calverhall

SJ60573710 - perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Cherrington

SJ65681883 - bronze spearhead minus socket.

 

Childs Ercall

SJ66502650 - five flint arrowheads.

SJ66572635 - socketed axe and spearhead.

SJ68152486 - perforated stone hammer.

 

Chirbury

SO242961 - enclosure shown by cropmarks as lying within, although seemingly independent of Calcot Camp. Interpreted as a round barrow by some researchers.

 

Church Stretton

SO42109310 - perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Churchtown

SO23508750 - barbed and tanged flint arrowhead and a round scraper.

 

Cleobury Mortimer

SO67427590 - flint thumb nail scraper and arrowhead.

 

Cleobury North

SO61508750 - axe hammer.

 

Clun

SO272028090 - butt-end of finely worked flint dagger

SO32607540 - spindle whorl.

 

Clunbury

SO37138051 - damaged flat axe.

 

Crateford

SO73448862 - quartzite stone implement with hourglass perforation.

 

Dobson’s Bridge

SJ49253604 - looped axe.

 

Doddington

SO61467613 - large perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Dorrington

SJ47590400 - flint knife.

SJ49440229 - perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Eardington

SO72809000 - bronze hoard comprising two looped and ribbed axes, socketed chisel and a socketed axe or gouge.

 

Ellerton

SJ72202660 - looped axe.

 

Ellesmere

SJ40003418 - leaf-shaped bronze sword.

SJ40283537 - three ribbed looped and socketed axe

 

Eyton-upon-the-Weald-Moors

SJ65501450 – un-looped axe.

 

Farlow

SO64508050 - large perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Foxwood

SO61397740 - perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Gobowen

SJ30903450 - hoard of which only a dagger and spearhead survive.


Great Ryton

SJ49080370 - two Bronze Age burial urns.

 

Hadley

SJ67501250 - large bronze socketed axe.

 

Haughton

SO69029582 - battle axe.

 

Hinstock

SJ68802766 - axe hammer.

SJ69502750 - axe.

 

Holdgate

SO55508950 - socketed bronze gouge.

 

Hopesay

SO37708380 - two flint arrowheads.

 

Hopton Castle

SO36507750 - reddish-yellow stone axe hammer.

 

Hyssington

SO29601090 - small perforated stone axe hammer

 

Ironbridge

SJ67240339 - broad-butted thin flat axe.

 

Jackfield

SJ69100290 - leaf shaped sword.

 

Kynnersley 

SJ66601710 - axe.

 

Lightwood

SO65609100 - axe.

 

Longnor

SJ46850049 - perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Lower Frankton

SJ36203060 - bronze sword.

 

Lower Hordley

SJ39602760 - looped and socketed axe.

 

Lydham

SO34308970 - medium sized perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Madeley

SJ69080451 - barbed and tanged arrowhead.

 

Market Drayton

SJ65603380 - net sinker.

SJ68783463 - socketed axe.

 

Marlow

SO39017626 - hoard consisting of two to three hundred bronze spearheads, a few ferrules, sword fragments and miscellaneous pieces.

 

Minsterley

SJ38500450 - flint perforated axe-hammer.

 

Montford Bridge

SJ43001513 - perforated axe hammer.

 

Moreton Corbet

SJ55502350 - perforated stone axe-hammer.

 

Morton

SJ29502450 - perforated axe hammer.

 

Much Wenlock

SO62509950 - perforated stone hammer.

 

Myddle

SJ46303260 - perforated Bronze Age axe hammer.

 

Mytton

SJ44301650 - bronze axe.

 

Newport

 

Title: Chetwynd Park Log Boat, Chetwynd, Newport
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SJ73882164 - log boat.

 

Northwood

SJ46013266 - axe.

SJ47803240 - looped axe with trident pattern.

 

Ollerton

SJ64502450 - axe.

 

Oswestry

SJ28452925 - axe.

SJ28883128 - socketed axe and axe mould.

SJ29502950 - socketed axe.

 

Peplow

SJ61502380 - small perforated pebble hammer.

SJ61672385 - perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Petton

SJ44282649 - leaf shaped and looped spearhead.

 

Prees

SJ54103300 - axe.

SJ56683272 - bronze Axe.

 

Preston-upon-the-Weald Moors

SJ67501490 - hoard of five bronze axes.

 

Preston Montford

SJ43391357 - dolerite axe hammer.

 

Quatford

SO73789093 - sword.

 

Quina Brook

SJ55343338 - perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Ruyton-XI-Towns

SJ38352129 - bronze spearhead.

 

Sambrook

SJ71392456 - large perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Shelve

SO32219754 - perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Shrewsbury

SJ48911340 - looped bronze axe.

SJ49171252 - perforated stone axe hammer.

SJ49501250 - hoard of which one three-ribbed socketed axe survives.

SJ52171553 - stone battle axe .

SJ53881465 - shield pattern axe.

 

Snead

SO31909190 - hoard of bronze spearheads now lost.

SO33229260 - partly perforated hammer.

 

Tetchill

SJ39043132 - socketed bronze axe.

 

Tibberton

SJ69602160 - socketed axe.

 

Titterstone Clee

SO59127616 - two bronze axes.

SO59507750 - perforated stone battle axe.

SO59507850 - two bronze axes.

 

Tong

SJ79400700 - socketed axe.

 

Tuckhill

SO78908700 - axe.

 

Uckington

SJ58501050 - looped spearhead.

 

Upton Cressett

SO63809190 - barbed and tanged grey flint arrowhead.

SO64909240 - unfinished flint arrowhead, snapped during manufacture.

 

Wellington

SJ64551012 - bronze looped axe.

 

Wem

SJ51502850 - leaf-shaped bronze spearhead.

 

West Felton

SJ33832692 - two perforated stone axe hammers.

SJ34502550 - perforated stone axe hammer.

SJ34612607 - axe.

 

Weston

SO31507550 - axe hammer.

 

Whitchurch

SJ54684103 - perforated stone adze.

 

Wilcott

SJ38501850 - axe.

 

Wolverley

SJ46263203 - sword.

 

Wotherton

SO28509950 - perforated axe hammer.

 

Wrentnall

SJ43960368 - perforated stone axe hammer.

 

Wykey

SJ39962408 - spindle whorls and arrowhead