The period of history from 2,000 BC to 800 BC is usually referred to as the Bronze Age. This is because the primary material for tools and weapons was an amalgam of copper and tin metals called bronze. It could be produced in primitive smelters and cast in moulds.
Remains of Bronze Age settlements are not common in Britain and none have been recorded in Shropshire so far. It is believed that many tribes led a nomadic lifestyle based on cattle and agriculture so did not build to last. There is evidence of tree clearing at this time to make space for crops and communities were often based near rivers for transport.
Tumuli (burial mounds) were built during this time on areas of high ground. As well as providing a place to inter the cremated remains of their dead, the tumuli may also be where a tribe gathered at certain times of the year for religious purposes. The stone circles at Mitchells Fold, Hoarstones and Whetstones (now destroyed) date from this time.
The old copper mine at Llanymynech Ogof was worked in the Bronze Age using antler picks and stone hammers. Bronze smelting required the ores of this copper and tin (from Cornwall) so well-defined trading routes would have existed to these places. A kiln would be built and fired with wood to reach a temperature in excess of 1,000oC. When melted, the bronze would be poured into moulds made of stone or clay and allowed to cool.
Gazetteer of Sites
SJ82960234 - flint chisel.
SO16508450 - flat axe and small spearhead.
SO17308380 - looped axe.
SO17608600 - perforated axe hammer.
SO19408490 - barbed and tanged arrowhead.
SO19508470 - barbed and tanged arrowhead.
SJ32502750 - bronze spearhead and socketed axe.
SO47088204 - barbed and tanged flint arrowhead
SJ39572728 - bronze shield.
SJ41302760 - barbed and tanged flint arrowhead.
SJ49300789 - barbed and tanged arrowhead of banded grey flint.
SJ45761376 - axe.
SO33618739 - flint arrowhead.
SO35408990 - numerous bronze spearheads, a few broken swords and thousands of white stones.
SO56507650 - spearhead.
SO58127709 - large parallel faced axe hammer
SO55008500 - copper or bronze axe.
SO32408530 - perforated axe hammer.
SO47507650 - spear head and perforated stone axe hammer.
SO35507350 - winged spearhead.
SO36507350 - worn, plain spearhead with broken socket.
SJ60573710 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ65681883 - bronze spearhead minus socket.
SJ66502650 - five flint arrowheads.
SJ66572635 - socketed axe and spearhead.
SJ68152486 - perforated stone hammer.
SO242961 - enclosure shown by cropmarks as lying within, although seemingly independent of Calcot Camp. Interpreted as a round barrow by some researchers.
SO42109310 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SO23508750 - barbed and tanged flint arrowhead and a round scraper.
SO67427590 - flint thumb nail scraper and arrowhead.
SO61508750 - axe hammer.
SO272028090 - butt-end of finely worked flint dagger
SO32607540 - spindle whorl.
SO37138051 - damaged flat axe.
SO73448862 - quartzite stone implement with hourglass perforation.
SJ49253604 - looped axe.
SO61467613 - large perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ47590400 - flint knife.
SJ49440229 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SO72809000 - bronze hoard comprising two looped and ribbed axes, socketed chisel and a socketed axe or gouge.
SJ72202660 - looped axe.
SJ40003418 - leaf-shaped bronze sword.
SJ40283537 - three ribbed looped and socketed axe
SJ65501450 – un-looped axe.
SO64508050 - large perforated stone axe hammer.
SO61397740 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ30903450 - hoard of which only a dagger and spearhead survive.
SJ49080370 - two Bronze Age burial urns.
SJ67501250 - large bronze socketed axe.
SO69029582 - battle axe.
SJ68802766 - axe hammer.
SJ69502750 - axe.
SO55508950 - socketed bronze gouge.
SO37708380 - two flint arrowheads.
SO36507750 - reddish-yellow stone axe hammer.
SO29601090 - small perforated stone axe hammer
SJ67240339 - broad-butted thin flat axe.
SJ69100290 - leaf shaped sword.
SJ66601710 - axe.
SO65609100 - axe.
SJ46850049 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ36203060 - bronze sword.
SJ39602760 - looped and socketed axe.
SO34308970 - medium sized perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ69080451 - barbed and tanged arrowhead.
SJ65603380 - net sinker.
SJ68783463 - socketed axe.
SO39017626 - hoard consisting of two to three hundred bronze spearheads, a few ferrules, sword fragments and miscellaneous pieces.
SJ38500450 - flint perforated axe-hammer.
SJ43001513 - perforated axe hammer.
SJ55502350 - perforated stone axe-hammer.
SJ29502450 - perforated axe hammer.
SO62509950 - perforated stone hammer.
SJ46303260 - perforated Bronze Age axe hammer.
SJ44301650 - bronze axe.
SJ73882164 - log boat.
SJ46013266 - axe.
SJ47803240 - looped axe with trident pattern.
SJ64502450 - axe.
SJ28452925 - axe.
SJ28883128 - socketed axe and axe mould.
SJ29502950 - socketed axe.
SJ61502380 - small perforated pebble hammer.
SJ61672385 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ44282649 - leaf shaped and looped spearhead.
SJ54103300 - axe.
SJ56683272 - bronze Axe.
SJ67501490 - hoard of five bronze axes.
SJ43391357 - dolerite axe hammer.
SO73789093 - sword.
SJ55343338 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ38352129 - bronze spearhead.
SJ71392456 - large perforated stone axe hammer.
SO32219754 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ48911340 - looped bronze axe.
SJ49171252 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ49501250 - hoard of which one three-ribbed socketed axe survives.
SJ52171553 - stone battle axe .
SJ53881465 - shield pattern axe.
SO31909190 - hoard of bronze spearheads now lost.
SO33229260 - partly perforated hammer.
SJ39043132 - socketed bronze axe.
SJ69602160 - socketed axe.
SO59127616 - two bronze axes.
SO59507750 - perforated stone battle axe.
SO59507850 - two bronze axes.
SJ79400700 - socketed axe.
SO78908700 - axe.
SJ58501050 - looped spearhead.
SO63809190 - barbed and tanged grey flint arrowhead.
SO64909240 - unfinished flint arrowhead, snapped during manufacture.
SJ64551012 - bronze looped axe.
SJ51502850 - leaf-shaped bronze spearhead.
SJ33832692 - two perforated stone axe hammers.
SJ34502550 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ34612607 - axe.
SO31507550 - axe hammer.
SJ54684103 - perforated stone adze.
SJ38501850 - axe.
SJ46263203 - sword.
SO28509950 - perforated axe hammer.
SJ43960368 - perforated stone axe hammer.
SJ39962408 - spindle whorls and arrowhead